The term pluralism is used by english thinker Wolf (1679-1754) for the first time, which describes to perform diffrent  tasks over time in a Churche. After that william james developed this term, later it become a social aspect.
“Pluralism is a situation in which people of different social classes, religions, races, etc. are together in a society but continue to have their different traditions and interests”. or “the belief that people of different social classes, religions, races, etc., should live together in a society”.
One Globe for all human being, as a human we need to developed a pluralistic approach to know each other. Because  we are living  in different Continents, regions, societies, of the world. our religion, civilization , culture, way of life is totally different, on that situation to accept the difference and living together in a society or country, is define pluralism.
We can not make this term limited in few departments, It surrounds every aspect of life, When we see  politically in a time different political parties are going to present his manifestation in front of  people and asking for vote.
Economically in a time different companies are selling same product in a market. the same is religious pluralism which is  very important and only solution for current sectarianism in Pakistan, when different followers of different religions are accept the difference of interpretation, practices in a tariqah, accept the difference and everyone has right to do his own practices freely without any hesitation, and people do respect of every school of thought and religion.
The opposite of pluralism is monoism, which says that the reality is one, this kind of interpretation is creates polarization. also this type of interpretation is making society unbalanced. that’s why a pluralistic sight is causes goodness for people.
Islam favour pluralism, let us see what Islam says about pluralism. in a holy Quran God says.
49:13يَا أَيُّهَا النَّاسُ إِنَّا خَلَقْنَاكُمْ مِنْ ذَكَرٍ وَأُنْثَىٰ وَجَعَلْنَاكُمْ شُعُوبًا وَقَبَائِلَ لِتَعَارَفُوا ۚ إِنَّ أَكْرَمَكُمْ عِنْدَ اللَّهِ أَتْقَاكُمْ ۚ إِنَّ اللَّهَ عَلِيمٌ خَبِيرٌ
“O mankind, indeed We have created you from male and female and made you peoples and tribes that you may know one another. Indeed, the most noble of you in the sight of Allah is the most righteous of you. Indeed, Allah is Knowing and Acquainted.”
In the age of post modernity pluralism is the only solution to make our Globe peacefully and beautiful. The result of pluralism is the peace, justice, rule of law, property, hope, freedom, equality and trust. That is light of hope for mankind.
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